AI (artificial intelligence)
A wide-ranging discipline of computer science that seeks to make computers become"intelligent" by enabling them to employ processes similar to those used by thehuman mind. The term was coined by John McCarthy of the Massachusetts Instituteof Technology in 1956. AI involves the capability of a machine to learn (to rememberresults produced on a previous trial and to modify the operation accordingly insubsequent trials) or to reason (to analyze the results produced in similar operations and select the most favorable outcome). Today's AI applications include voicerecognition; robotics; neural nets and expert systems.